Welcome to our New Ice Age Journeys  Heritage Lottery Funded Project, An  archaeological project further researching Late Upper Palaeolithic (Stone Age) activity some 14,000 years ago at Farndon Fields,  Newark OnTrentNottinghamshireUK.   

Flint tools have been found on open ground between Farndon and Newark, offering a fascinating link to Creswell Crags, Bradgate Park, Cheddar Gorge  and other sites across Europe. Future work will explore this link with the aid of Heritage Lottery and the involvement of the local community.

We will be building on our previous work  now overseen by our charity,  Ice Age Insights

A short introductory video of the journey so far-with a full version here.

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in creating materials for a video which aims to unravel the development of the landscape from the present day back into the Ice Age


Events Calendar


in creating materials for a video which aims to unravel the development of the landscape from the present day back into the Ice Age.

Dates for diaries.    All 11am until 4pm.

Development of Newark’s archaeology and geology from Ice Age to present. 1

Tues 6th Nov: Mapping –County Archaeologist Ursilla Spence, HER. Completed. See news page.and resources.

Development of Newark’s archaeology and geology from Ice Age to present. 2

Tues 4th Dec: Mapping – Dr. Colin Baker, coversands and mapping from boreholes along SLR. Completed. See news page and  resources.


Development of Newark’s archaeology and geology from Ice Age to present. 3

12 Feb: Mapping – Leanne Hughes, BGS

Leanne’s is a chartered Geologist based at  the British Geological  Survey,  Keyworth.  Her research interests are:-

  • 3D geological modelling
  • Glacial geomorphology
  • Quaternary mapping

The full day is aimed at correlating the records of topography and superficial geology. A step towards unraveling the landscape. No Qgis session.

12th March: Mapping – Mark Bateman, Lake Humber

2nd April: Mapping – Sam Stein, palaeochannels

If not already booked please email info@iceagejourneys.org.uk

Exploring and Mapping the Historic Landscape around Newark poster.

Venue: Community Space at the Newark Civil War Centre,

14 Appletongate, Newark, NG24 1JY.

Long-stay carparking on Tolney Lane/Riverside Park NB24 1BZ.

Disabled parking outside.




The experience of being a volunteer with IAJ was overwhelmingly positive in its impact; here are some comments from volunteers who were interviewed:

“It has been really rewarding to be welcomed – I feel that my life experience is being valued.”

“I have enjoyed the excitement of discovery and it has been nice to be involved in something significant and that it is going on locally.”

 “Good to be accepted for what I am – an enthusiastic amateur – and made to feel welcome by the organisers of the project. When I have offered ideas or perspectives based on my own expertise, this has generally been welcomed so I feel that I am contributing something worthwhile.”

 “Made welcome by the other volunteers … easy to be drawn into the group.”

 “Really welcoming from the start and it has continued to be welcoming…our skills bring us together.”

 “Always enjoyable … I’ve tried a bit of everything.”

 “Very, very interesting, the whole thing has been enjoyable  … and I have enjoyed meeting the other volunteers.”

Involvement in IAJ has added to people’s knowledge:

“It has given me greater insight into the world of archaeology, opening up new possibilities.”

 “The new techniques have had an educational impact on me; I’ve got a much wider knowledge base now.”

 “I have been able to pursue an existing interest in greater detail, as well as being prompted to experiment with my technique in another creative hobby.”

It has also been a prompt to pursuing further educational opportunities, from simply reading into the subject away from the project itself, through attendance at a residential course at a university, to taking up an Open University course:

“I cannot emphasise enough the enjoyment and satisfaction of learning new things and new practical skills …. this is an important and valuable part of what IAJ means to me …. it is very satisfying to learn new stuff at my age.”

For four of the seven volunteers, IAJ had come along at a significant point in their lives. One person’s family had now ‘flown the nest’ and IAJ offers companionship and a way to keep active. For three of the seven people interviewed, IAJ has coincided with their retirement:

“It’s been brilliant – it’s made my retirement much more interesting and purposeful.”

 “It has offered me some structure, as I am newly retired – it is keeping me active and in circulation.”

Impact can also be measured in terms of telling others about IAJ involvement, and on average the volunteers told 8.6 friends and colleagues and 5.4 family and relatives about their IAJ work, spreading the word about Farndon Fields in the process.




Life in the Ice Age

 When In The Ice Age.   

The artefacts from Fardon left by the hunter-gatherers have been identified as belonging to a style that was used in the Late Upper Palaeolithic. This is not a geological name for that period of time but one that relates to the technology of the Three Age System of Stone Age, Bronze Age and Iron Age. (Late Upper = last or most recent stage, Palaeolithic = Old Stone Age). The Late Upper Palaeolithic started around 14,000 years ago, so we know that the hunter-gatherers were experiencing the last stages of the most recent Ice Age. More

Where did the flint come from?

Flint is an Old English word from the North Germanic vlint or flins, first recorded in writing by the monk, Ælfric of Eynsham, Oxfordshire (c950–1010). It describes a hard greyish-black fined-grained quartz mineral composed of silicon dioxide (SiO2) and is found in chalk. Chert is an often inferior version of flint with larger crystals and more impurities. It is found in limestone.  further reading:-

Who. Hunter-Gatherer Lifestyles

A hunter-gatherer (or forager) society is one that derives its nutrition from wild, undomesticated sources. This can mean the hunting of game, fishing and/or foraging for edible plants and fungi. Although increasingly rare in the modern world, forager lifestyles are still retained by some groups, including

the Hadza of the Rift Valley.  read more:-

How did they work the flint?

When flint is struck (knapped) expertly, it breaks (flakes) in a consistent manner. Flakes are removed by striking close to an angle (striking platform) of a block of flint (a core). Both cores and flakes retain characteristic features that show that they were deliberately struck. Knapped more:-



How did we investigate this site? 


First we field walked, then we augured to see what was underground then test pit, wet and dry sieving, learn more:-