When In The Ice Age.
The artefacts from Fardon left by the hunter-gatherers have been identified as belonging to a style that was used in the Late Upper Palaeolithic. This is not a geological name for that period of time but one that relates to the technology of the Three Age System of Stone Age, Bronze Age and Iron Age. (Late Upper = last or most recent stage, Palaeolithic = Old Stone Age). The Late Upper Palaeolithic started around 14,000 years ago, so we know that the hunter-gatherers were experiencing the last stages of the most recent Ice Age. More of When :-
Where did the flint come from?
Flint is an Old English word from the North Germanic vlint or flins, first recorded in writing by the monk, Ælfric of Eynsham, Oxfordshire (c950–1010). It describes a hard greyish-black fined-grained quartz mineral composed of silicon dioxide (SiO2) and is found in chalk. Chert is an often inferior version of flint with larger crystals and more impurities. It is found in limestone. further reading:-
Who. Hunter-Gatherer Lifestyles
A hunter-gatherer (or forager) society is one that derives its nutrition from wild, undomesticated sources. This can mean the hunting of game, fishing and/or foraging for edible plants and fungi. Although increasingly rare in the modern world, forager lifestyles are still retained by some groups, including
When flint is struck (knapped) expertly, it breaks (flakes) in a consistent manner. Flakes are removed by striking close to an angle (striking platform) of a block of flint (a core). Both cores and flakes retain characteristic features that show that they were deliberately struck. Knapped more:-
How did we investigate this site?
First we field walked, then we augured to see what was underground then test pit, wet and dry sieving, learn more:-